People walk along Wall Street in the financial district in New York City Spencer Platt/Getty Images



理论上,不平等的加剧导致再分配的要求。民主政客的应对之道应该是向富人征收更多税,并将所得到的收入用在后进人群头上。这一直觉由艾伦·梅尔泽尔(Allan Meltzer)和斯科特·理查德(Scott Richard)的著名政治经济学论文形式化:中位和平均选民的收入差距越大,税收就越重,再分配程度也越高。


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