没有理论的学习

坎布里奇—我们如何改善世界的状态?我们如何让国家更有竞争力,让增长更加可持续和包容,让性别更加平等?

一个办法是拥有一套关于行动和结果之间的关系的正确的理论,然后实施实现我们的目标的行动。但是,在我们所面临的大部分情况里,我们缺少这样的理论,或者虽然有,但不确定它是否正确。那么,我们可以如何做?我们应该暂停行动,直到学习到什么行动能起作用吗?但如果我们不行动,我们如何学习?如果我们行动,我们如何了解我们是否做了正确的事情?

机器学习和生物人类学方面的新进展能让我们一窥学习如何发生以及如何做出成功的学习过程。但是,理论固然重要,但我们学习的大部分东西并不取决于它们。

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