Dean Rohrer

Les leçons de la guerre en Irak

NEW YORK – La récession économique a détrôné la guerre en Irak en tant que question phare de la campagne présidentielle américaine, notamment parce que les Américains en viennent à croire que la situation s’est redressée là-bas – la montée en puissance militaire aurait soi-disant intimidé les insurgés. Les conséquences à tirer sont claires : la démonstration de pouvoir est la plus forte.

C’est précisément ce type de raisonnement macho qui a tout d’abord convaincu les Etats-Unis de partir en guerre, pour montrer la puissance stratégique de leur force militaire. Au lieu de cela, la guerre a fait ressortir ses limites. De plus, elle a sapé leur véritable source de pouvoir – leur autorité morale.

Les récents événements ont rendu la méthode du gouvernement Bush encore plus dangereuse. Il n’a jamais fait de doute que les États-Unis ne choisiraient pas le moment où ils quitteraient l’Irak – à moins d’enfreindre une fois de plus le droit international. Maintenant, l'Irak veut que les troupes de combats américaines quittent le pays d’ici douze mois et l'ensemble des troupes en 2011.

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