Aprender el arte de lo posible en América Latina

Poco después de ser elegido primer Presidente izquierdista del Uruguay, Tabaré Vázquez declaró: "Tenemos que reconstruir el futuro a partir de las limitaciones de nuestro tiempo". En toda América Latina se están produciendo reconstrucciones y transformaciones. Una "marea rosa" ha llevado a políticos como Vázquez al centro del escenario y a plantear un desafío a Norteamérica y a Europa. Las reformas y los altos precios de las materias primas están impulsando a la región. Las economías de América Latina están teniendo ahora unos buenos resultados que no habían tenido durante mucho tiempo.

Pero la reconstrucción no se hace de la noche a la mañana. Las "limitaciones" a las que se refería Vázquez son inmensas. América Latina dista mucho de poder competir con la potencia de China o la India y sigue teniendo la mayor diferencia entre ricos y pobres. El 10 por ciento más rico de su población gana casi la mitad de los ingresos totales, mientras que el 10 por ciento más pobre gana tan sólo el 1,6 por ciento. En cambio, el diez por ciento superior de los países industrializados gana el 29,1 por ciento de los ingreso totales, mientras que el diez por ciento inferior gana el 2,5 por ciento.

En el conjunto de América Latina y el Caribe, una de cada cuatro personas sobrevive con menos de dos dólares al día. Cincuenta millones de personas, el equivalente de toda la población del Reino Unido, se las arregla con menos de un dólar. Además, el 14 por ciento de los habitantes de la región carecen de ingresos suficientes para costearse la atención básica de salud. Existe una intensa impresión de corrupción e ineficiencia, por lo que no existe una gran confianza pública en las instituciones, mientras que recientemente la inversión en infraestructuras se ha reducido marcadamente.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/MFHzHXf/es;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.