Cómo aprender de Estados Unidos

Mientras Estados Unidos se prepara para celebrar la ceremonia de asunción de su primer presidente afro-norteamericano, nuevamente exhibe uno de los mejores aspectos de su identidad nacional. Aunque llevó más de 200 años llegar a este punto, los observadores extranjeros, especialmente en Europa, se asombran ante la ascendencia de Barack Obama. Reconocen desde su propia marginación relativa de la gente de color o de los inmigrantes que no hay ningún Obama francés, alemán, italiano o británico en el horizonte, y se preguntan: ¿cómo lo hace Estados Unidos?

Estados Unidos, ciertamente, tiene sus defectos y sus luchas sobre la raza y la identidad nacional, pero también tiene mucho de qué estar orgulloso en términos de cómo asimila a quienes provienen de un entorno extranjero o minoritario. El ejemplo de Obama -y el de su gabinete recientemente nombrado, que incluye muchos líderes exitosos de "grupos marginados" étnicos o raciales- ofrece lecciones útiles para otras naciones, particularmente en Europa occidental.

Entonces, ¿qué es lo que Estados Unidos está haciendo bien?

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