把钱花在生产率上

伯克利—美国的一大招牌式(但令人心碎的)经济趋势是,在过去40年里,工人的真实工资一直停滞不前。根据最新的美国人口普查报告,2013年中位全职男性工人工资收入是50,033美元,和1973年的可比(经通胀调整)数字49,678美元相差无几。

大部分家庭的大部分收入都来自劳动所得,因此真实工资增长缺失是家庭所得停滞的主要因素。从1980年前后开始,低层90%平均家庭所得几乎未曾改变。2013年中位真实家庭所得比2007年低8%,比1999年峰值低近9%。

中产阶级工资和家庭所得停滞不前是美国从2007—2009年衰退中复苏缓慢的主要原因,也给长期增长和竞争力带来了严重威胁。家庭消费占总需求的三分之二强,而消费增长取决于低层90%的所得增长。

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