Puentes útiles

BERKELEY – Tras una nueva ronda de política de todo por el todo, un rencoroso Congreso estadounidense aprobó una ley de último minuto para evitar la quiebra del Fondo Fiduciario de Autopistas (HTP, por sus siglas en inglés), la fuente principal de fondos federales para la infraestructura de tránsito y autopistas de los Estados Unidos. El HTF financia alrededor de 50 mil millones de dólares del gasto anual en infraestructura, y su bancarrota habría obligado a los gobiernos locales y estatales a postergar miles de proyectos, amenazando así decenas de miles de empleos del sector de la construcción.

La nueva legislación ofrece una solución temporal de 11 mil millones de dólares que pospondrá la bancarrota del HTF por unos diez meses. Mediante trucos fiscales, se hace que los costos para financiar este arreglo temporal superen el plazo presupuestal arbitrario de diez años que utiliza el Congreso para justificar su responsabilidad fiscal. Sin embargo, esta legislación no cumple ninguna condición de responsabilidad fiscal.

La inversión en infraestructura pública en los Estados Unidos ha caído a menos de 2% del PIB, su nivel más bajo desde que el gobierno federal empezara a registrar este tipo de datos en 1992. La Sociedad Estadounidense de Ingenieros Civiles (ASCE, por sus siglas en inglés) otorga una calificación D+ a la infraestructura en los Estados Unidos, lo que refleja que se ha postergado el mantenimiento, así como las inversiones insuficientes. Se estima que uno de cada nueve puentes estadounidenses es estructuralmente deficiente, y 42% de las vías urbanas están congestionadas, lo que representa para la economía un costo estimado de 101 mil millones de dólares anuales en tiempo perdido y consumo de combustible. Los sistemas de tránsito deficientes y que se deterioran conllevan además 90 mil millones de dólares en costos económicos anuales.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/E608MUS/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now