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Flussi Globali e Crescita Globale

BERKELEY – Una quota crescente dell’attività economica mondiale comporta flussi transfrontalieri. Ma quanto è interconnessa l’economia globale? Come cambiano i flussi transfrontalieri tra attività, settori e paesi? Come si classificano le economie nazionali in termini di flussi transfrontalieri o di “interconnessioni”? E quali sono le implicazioni per le imprese e i responsabili politici?

Un nuovo rapporto del McKinsey Global Institute affronta queste domande analizzando i flussi in entrata e in uscita di beni, servizi, prodotti finanziari, persone, dati e comunicazioni per 195 paesi negli ultimi 20 anni.

Sia i dati aggregati che i micro esempi confermano che il mondo è diventato più strettamente interconnesso, con flussi transfrontalieri crescenti per portata e complessità – e capaci di coinvolgere al loro interno un numero sempre maggiore di paesi e partecipanti. Nonostante una significativa contrazione dal 2007 al 2009, derivante dalla profonda recessione globale, nel 2012 il valore combinato di flussi finanziari e commercio di beni e servizi ha raggiunto il 36% del PIL mondiale - 1.5 volte superiore rispetto al 1980.

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