Las prioridades de reforma en América Latina

SAN JOSÉ, COSTA RICA – Rara vez reconocemos que la falta de conocimiento -la ignorancia, si se prefiere- daña las decisiones de gasto de las autoridades y las organizaciones de ayuda internacional. Sin embargo, las prioridades se definen de manera ad hoc y se concentran poco en obtener la mejor ganancia posible en términos de bienestar social.

Hace poco se hizo un inusual intento de mejorar la calidad de la toma de decisiones en América Latina y el Caribe. La Consulta de San José en Costa Rica pidió a un grupo de importantes expertos en economía que hicieran una clasificación de los mayores retos que enfrenta la región. Por primera vez, todos los costos y beneficios de más de 40 diferentes opciones de políticas se pusieron lado a lado sobre el papel. Los resultados fueron reveladores.

A lo largo de tres días, los expertos escucharon evidencias acerca de los mayores retos de la región. Quedó claro que a menudo los políticos toman decisiones basándose en un conocimiento limitado y asignan dinero a iniciativas de políticas no probadas.

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