Иллюзия «левой» Латинской Америки

С тех пор как Дэн Сяо Пин сказал: – «Важно не то, какого цвета кошка, а то, ловит ли она мышей», - стало ясно, что прежние деления времен холодной войны на левых и правых, коммунистов и демократов устарели. В самом деле, тот Китай, который Дэн Сяо Пин начал строить в 1978 году, сейчас политически является коммунистическим, а экономически – капиталистическим. Но тенденция применять старые ярлыки остаётся сильной. Поэтому каждый день мы слышим сильно упрощённые высказывания, как одно из сегодняшних, гласящее, что в Латинской Америке наблюдается мощная левая волна.

Данная идея основывается на том факте, что приход к власти Лулы да Сильвы в Бразилии, Уго Чавеса в Венесуэлле, Нестора Киршнера в Аргентине, Табаре Васкеса в Уругвае, и, совсем недавно, Эво Моралеса в Боливии и Мишель Бачелет в Чили говорит о социалистическом уклоне. Но все ли они левые старой закалки? Или они практикуют популизм старого типа? Что же происходит в Латинской Америке?

Для начала вычеркнем из предполагаемого списка левых Чили, т.к. этой страной правит центристская коалиция, состоящая из социалистов европейского стиля во главе с Рикардо Лагосом и традиционная партия страны «Христианские демократы». То, что президент Бачелет происходит из социалистических кругов, не меняет природы правительства, которое последует установкам своих предшественников и будет управлять самой открытой экономикой в регионе, интегрированной в мировой рынок соглашениями о свободной торговле, подписанными со многими странами, начиная Соединёнными Штатами и заканчивая Китаем.

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