Латинская Америка: запретные дебаты

Двадцать пять лет назад в Латинской Америке лишь Колумбия, Коста-Рика и Венесуэла представляли собой довольно стабильные демократии. Сегодня тип государственного устройства, который можно назвать представительной демократией, распространился по всему региону. Действительно, никогда еще с момента обретения независимости не было такого расцвета демократии в Латинской Америке.

Но никогда нельзя гарантировать, что обретенное не будет потеряно. Военный переворот – не единственный способ разрушить свободное общество. Как заметил политолог Гильермо О’Доннелл, пламя демократии может погаснуть и постепенно, когда окажется, что мечтам о справедливости и социальном прогрессе не суждено воплотиться в реальность.

На протяжении 25 лет впечатляющего подъема латиноамериканской демократии доход на душу населения увеличился лишь на 300 долларов США. Даже в Чили, где происходит быстрый экономический рост, а количество бедных уменьшилось вдвое, и в Бразилии, где в течение 90-х годов доля граждан, живущих за чертой бедности, уменьшилась на треть, степень концентрации богатства увеличилась.

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