poverty in Latin America Daniel Garcia/Getty Images

El ascenso de la derecha en América latina

LAGUNA BEACH – Por lo que muestran los cambios de gobierno en Argentina y Brasil, las correcciones políticas a mitad de mandato en Chile y otros acontecimientos de la región, la política latinoamericana está dando un giro a la derecha. Pero más que un caso de “atracción” hacia las políticas económicas de la derecha, este complejo fenómeno es ante todo reflejo de un “rechazo”, relacionado con el crecimiento anémico y la mala provisión de servicios públicos, especialmente servicios sociales.

Podemos ver en este cambio una variante del floreciente idilio de los países avanzados de Occidente con los movimientos antisistema. Esto implica que los gobiernos de la región están obligados a mostrar resultados a sus ciudadanos, ya que de lo contrario, este giro no será sino una estación en un camino incierto (políticamente más complicado y económicamente más inmanejable) hacia un destino de mayor inestabilidad.

El cambio político en desarrollo se presenta de muchas maneras. Tras años de gobierno populista fiscalmente irresponsable del matrimonio Kirchner, Argentina optó por Mauricio Macri, un exempresario con una plataforma de derecha. En Brasil, el Senado inició juicio político a la presidenta Dilma Rousseff y la apartó del cargo transitoriamente a la espera de tomar una decisión final sobre su situación; el reemplazante ha dado señales de un alejamiento de las políticas del izquierdista Partido de los Trabajadores.

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