Greek euro coin and European Union pin

Большое банковское ограбление по-гречески

АФИНЫ – Реализуемые с 2008 года программы спасения банков привели к перекладыванию значительных частных убытков на плечи налогоплательщиков в Европе и США. Недавняя программа спасения греческих банков является поучительной историей о том, как политики – в данном случае европейские – стремятся максимизировать общественные убытки ради сомнительной частной выгоды.

В 2012 году неплатежеспособное греческое государство одолжило 41 млрд евро ($45 млрд, или 22% падающего национального дохода Греции) у европейских налогоплательщиков для рекапитализации обанкротившихся коммерческих банков страны. Для экономики, находящейся в когтях неподъёмных долгов с сопутствующей им дефляционно-долговой спиралью, новый кредит и условия, на которых он был предоставлен – жёсткие требования по сокращению бюджетных расходов, стали просто кандалами. Но, по крайней мере, грекам пообещали, что данная программа финансовой помощи позволит спасти банки страны раз и навсегда.

В 2013 году, как только Европейский фонд финансовой стабильности (EFSF), созданный для реализации программ финансовой помощи в еврозоне, перечислил этот финансовый транш своему местному партнёру – Греческому фонду финансовой стабильности (HFSF), данный фонд закачал примерно 40 млрд евро в четыре «системных» банка страны в обмен на неголосующие акции.

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