Greek euro coin and European Union pin

De grote Griekse bankroof

ATHENE – Sinds 2008 hebben de reddingsoperaties voor de banken een aanzienlijke overdracht van particuliere verliezen aan de Europese en Amerikaanse belastingbetalers met zich meegebracht. De jongste reddingsoperatie voor de Griekse banken toont aan hoe de politiek – in dit geval de Europese – is gericht op het maximaliseren van de publieke verliezen ten behoeve van twijfelachtig particulier voordeel.

In 2012 leende de insolvabele Griekse staat €41 mrd (22% van het slinkende nationale inkomen van Griekenland) van de Europese belastingbetalers om de insolvabele handelsbanken van het land te herkapitaliseren. Voor een economie die kampt met niet-houdbare schulden, en de daarmee samenhangende spiraal van schulden en deflatie, waren de nieuwe lening en de strenge bezuinigingen die eraan werden gekoppeld als een blok aan het been. Maar de Grieken werd beloofd dat deze reddingsoperatie de banken van het land voor eens en voor altijd uit de problemen zou helpen.

In 2013, toen dit geld door de Europese Financiële Stabiliteits Faciliteit (EFSF), het noodfonds van de eurozone, was overgedragen aan haar Griekse dochterinstelling, de Helleense Financiële Stabiliteits Faciliteit, pompte deze HFSF bijna €40 mrd in de vier 'systeembanken', in ruil voor niet-stemhebbende aandelen.

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