Construction workers on site

改变劳动力形势

达沃斯—全球经济的变化速度越来越快,许多国家的劳动力市场眼看着无法跟上节奏,出现了诸多大问题。高失业和岗位空缺并存。生产率的提高没有转化为工资的提高。对许多人来说,向上流动可望而不可及,虽然经济已经开始复苏。

幸运的是,变化正在发生。四大全球趋势正在改变工作形势,随着公司、工人和政府适应新的人口、科技和经济环境,这些趋势有助于解决矛盾、克服劳动力市场功能失调的情况。

第一个趋势是人口趋势。在世界大部分国家,社会老龄化和生育率下降意味着劳动力富余的日子快要结束了。大约60%的世界人口生活在劳动力数量停滞或减少的国家。中国工作年龄人口在2010年见顶;到2050年,四分之一中国人将超过65岁(如今只有8%)。在德国,预计劳动力将在未来15年减少六百万人。

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