Интересы рабочих в мире финансового капитализма

Традиционная неприязнь между профсоюзами и миром финансов не должна затмевать их общий интерес в широком и творческом использовании финансовых инструментов. Мы живем в эпоху финансового капитализма, и единственным разумным шагом вперед для профсоюзов и других рабочих объединений является оказание их членам помощи во все более изощренном использовании средств управления риском.

Традиционные границы между трудом и капиталом размываются. Например, компании все чаще добавляют к стандартному соглашению по вопросам заработной платы акционерный опцион, даже для рядовых сотрудников. По данным Министерства труда США, в 2003 году 14% сотрудников фирм с численностью 100 и более работников были предложены акционерные опционы. В будущем следует ожидать увеличение количества подобных предложений.

Проблема заключается в том, что большинство работников не вполне понимают, что такое опцион или акции, и не знают, как определить их стоимость. Согласно недавнему исследованию, проведенному профессорами Массачусетского технологического института Ниттаем Бергманом и Дерком Джентером, руководство компаний обычно предлагает сотрудникам акционерные опционы, когда последние чрезмерно оптимистично оценивают перспективы акций компании, фактически пользуясь удобным моментом для замены полной ставки заработной платы опционом с завышенной ценой.

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