クウェート国民議会の改革


パレスチナ選挙でのハマスの勝利は、世界をくぎ付けにした。しかし、今度は世界の石油資源の10%を持つペルシャ湾の首長国クウェートにおいて、それぞれに異なる大衆と議会の主張が、等しく重要であるということが証明されるだろう。クウェートにおけるあらゆる兆候が、民主化の波が確かなものであることを示しており、これに伴う様々な変化が及ぼす影響はクウェート国内にとどまらず、同じく王族や首長によって支配される他の湾岸石油大国すべてに広がっている。

実際、これらの国の支配者たちには、熟考すべきことが多い。クウェートの支配者シェイク・ジャービル・アル・サバーハの死去(2006年1月15日)後、国民に先例のないほどの不安が湧き上がり、指名後継者サアド・アル・サバーハの急速な退位へとつながった。クウェートを過去2世紀に渡って支配してきたアル・サバーハ首長家がこのような事態に直面するのは初めてである。

伝統的に、支配権を持つ首長の座は、アル・サバーハ首長家内で2つのライバル系列の間で(暗黙の了解の下に)交互に占められてきた。アル・ジャービル系とアル・サレム系である。これまで、継承者は、厳格に首長家から選ばれるものとされ、いかなる論争も表立ってされることはなかった。しかしながら、シェイク・ジャービル・アル・サバーハの死を受け、今回の継承問題は、世間の熱狂的な討論の的となったうえに、クウェートのプレスと国民議会が中心となってその結果を導いたのである。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/AOE4pNx/ja;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.