Paul Krugman and David Cameron Wikimedia Commons

克鲁格曼的反卡梅伦矛盾

纽约—保罗·克鲁格曼(Paul Krugman)反复抨击英国政府,这着实令人奇怪。他最近的长文在一开始就指出“自金融危机以来,英国经济表现令人难以置信地糟糕。”他批评首相卡梅伦政府需要为“糟糕的经济记录”负责,并质疑卡梅伦及其内阁是否能够担当“繁荣卫士”。

恩。最近几个月来,克鲁格曼一再赞扬美国经济在总统奥巴马治下的复苏势头,而攻击英国的经济表现。但我们背靠背比较这两大经济体就可以发现,它们的运行轨迹大体相当,英国在一些指标上表现还强于美国。

首先来看失业率。2007年四季度,英国失业率为5.2%。卡梅伦政府2010年5月上台时,失业率是7.9%。而在最近的报告期(2014年11月—2015年1月),失业率是5.7%。在美国,2007年四季度失业率为4.8%,2010年3—5月为9.8%,2014年11月—2015年1月为5.7%。因此,两个国家的失业率均略高于危机前(2007年底)水平,在2007年底至今的商业周期中没有出现较大净差异。

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