保罗·克鲁格曼和奥巴马复苏

纽约—几年以来,常常每个月都有几次,诺贝尔经济学奖获得者、《纽约时报》专栏作家兼博客写手保罗·克鲁格曼(Paul Krugman)都会向他的忠实读者发布一条重要信息:削减赤字的“紧缩派”(他对支持财政紧缩者的称呼)被骗了。事实上,赤字削减将让1937年重现。当时,富兰克林·罗斯福过早地缩减新政刺激,导致美国再次滑入衰退。

好吧,自2011年年中以来,国会和白宫确实实施了紧缩。联邦预算赤字占GDP之比从2011年的8.4%下降到2014年的2.9%(预计值)。此外,根据国际货币基金组织(IMF)的数据,衡量财政刺激的指标结构性赤字(有时称为“充分就业赤字”)从2011年占潜在GDP的7.8%下降到2014年的4%。

克鲁格曼强烈反对削减赤字延长甚至加剧了他反复所谓的“萧条”(有时也称为“低度萧条”)的观点。只有英国领导人这样的蠢货(让他想起了“三傻”(Three Stooges))才会相信这样的观点。

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