DNC Convention before hack Joe Raedle/Getty Images

El Kremlin y las elecciones de Estados Unidos

CAMBRIDGE – A principios de noviembre, el Presidente estadounidense Barack Obama supuestamente se puso en contacto directo con el Presidente ruso Vladimir Putin para advertirle sobre los ciberataques rusos dirigidos a las elecciones presidenciales de EE.UU. El mes anterior, el Director de Inteligencia Nacional, James Clapper, y el Secretario de Seguridad Interior, Jah Johnson, acusaron públicamente a las más altas autoridades rusas de usar ciberataques para “interferir con el proceso electoral estadounidense”.

Pasadas las elecciones del 8 de noviembre, no han surgido evidencias firmes de interferencias o hacking de las máquinas de votación u otros aparatos electorales. Pero en unas elecciones que dependieron de 100.000 votos en tres estados clave, algunos observadores argumentan que la interferencia cibernética rusa puede haber tenido efectos significativos en el proceso político.

¿Es posible impedir en el futuro un comportamiento ruso de este tipo? La disuasión depende siempre de qué y a quién se intente disuadir.

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