Косово и Костуница

ПРИСТИНА: «Все должно измениться, чтобы все осталось по-прежнему». Этот афоризм из великой новеллы «Леопард» принца Лампедуза похоже можно приложить к ситуации в Косово после падения Милошевича. Будет ли факт демократического избрания президента в Белграде означать, что все переменилось для Сербии, но ничего не изменилось в отношениях между Сербией и Косово?

Будет Сербия демократичной страной или нет, одно остается ясным: в следующие пять лет Косово вряд ли станет процветающим демократическим государством. Причина проста – Косово никогда не было таковым. Сегодня, это – управляемая ООН территория, проходящая переходный период после 50 лет коммунизма, 10 лет аппартеидо-подобного правления Сербии и опустошений войны. Более того, долгосрочный статус Косово остается неясным: хотя как протекторат ООН, оно остается под суверенитетом распадающейся Югославской Федерации между Сербией и Черногорией.

Действительно, возможно Косово не станет демократической, экономически процветающей страной еще многие годы, потому что Косово прежде всего должно стать своим собственным государством, в котором демократия и процветание могли бы пустить корни. Резолюция 1244 Совета безопасности ООН, являющаяся здесь основным законом, исключает это до тих пор, пока обе стороны – Сербия и Косово – не придут к этому решению путем переговоров. Но Резолюция 1244 не исключает установление в Косово правительства de-facto, которое может действовать как настоящее национальное правительство.

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