Оценка Абэномики

ТОКИО – Прошел почти год с того момента, когда премьер-министр Синдзо Абэ начал реализацию своего плана по подъему экономики Японии после двух десятилетий дефляции и рецессии. И как «Абэномика» чувствует себя в данный момент?

Ответ на этот вопрос требует разделения Абэномики на три составляющих компонента – массивное денежно-кредитное смягчение, экспансионистская фискальная политика и стратегия долгосрочного роста – которые Абэ, обращаясь к рассказу о дайме (феодале) шестнадцатого века Мотонари Мори, называет «тремя стрелами». Согласно легенде, Мори поручил каждому из его трех сыновей переломить стрелу. После того как они это сделали, он велел им связать три стрелы вместе и переломить всю связку; никто из них не смог этого сделать.

Как и три стрелы Мори, три стрелы Абэномики должны усиливать друг друга. Однако стрелы Мори были связаны друг с другом параллельно, в то время как стрелы законов Абэ объединены через лежащие в их основе структурные отношения. В то время как первая и вторая стрела нацелены на трансформацию реального пути развития Японии, третья работает на потенциальном пути роста экономического потенциала, что предполагает оптимальное использование всех имеющихся ресурсов и технологий.

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