diamond STR/Stringer

皇冠上的印度宝石

新德里—印度司法部副部长兰吉特·库马尔(Ranjit Kumar)最近宣称印度不会寻求向英国人要回印度“送给”它的克西努尔钻石(Kohinoor,世界上最古老、最值钱的钻石之一)。这一声明震惊了印度,引起了热烈争论——事实上,太过热烈以至于政府不得不宣布仍然想要回这颗宝石。但印度政府对这一结果的保证并不令人信服。

库马尔是在最高法院前回应全印人民人权和社会正义阵线(All India Human Rights and Social Justice Front,一家非政府组织)要求政府寻求要回这颗被镶在英国皇冠上的著名钻石的上诉时说这番话的。他说,1849年,当时的锡克王国将这个钻石作为刚刚结束的盎格鲁-锡克战争的“自愿赔款”送给英国东印度公司的。此外, 1972年古董和艺术珍品法(Antiquities and Art Treasures Act of 1972)禁止印度政府寻求要回1947年印度独立前输出国外的古董,并且据库马尔所言,印度政府也没有能保证钻石回归的能力。

库马尔的声明所引起的轩然大波迫使政府发言人不得不紧急“救火”,说库马尔并不代表最终官方观点。文化部长宣布,印度仍将追求钻石索偿权。但除非库马尔被要求在最高法院前做出新的陈述,否则他的声明可视为已经放弃了印度对全世界最具传说色彩的钻石的索偿权。因此,问题在于这是否应该成为最终结果。

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