Compassion envers les migrants

GENÈVE – Le destin tragique de plusieurs centaines d'Africains noyés près de l'île italienne de Lampedusa en octobre a fait les gros titres de la presse internationale. Cet épisode a débouché sur un rare moment de compassion et de réflexion sur les dangers auxquels sont confrontés de nombreux migrants. Mais le seul aspect exceptionnel de cette catastrophe a été le grand nombre de victimes. Pour les habitants de Lampedusa, les épaves de réfugiés et les migrants sont un phénomène fréquent : une semaine plus tard, un bateau transportant des réfugiés syriens et palestiniens a chaviré au large des côtes de l'île, faisant plus de 30 morts.

L'année 2013 a prouvé, s'il était encore nécessaire d'en faire la preuve, que ces catastrophes ne se limitent pas aux côtes européennes ni à la mer Méditerranée. En novembre, près de 30 Haïtiens ont péri dans le naufrage de leur bateau en route pour les États-Unis, le troisième cas dans le Nord des Caraïbes depuis le mois d'octobre. Le long de la frontière américano-mexicaine, le déploiement des contrôles sophistiqués aux frontières a forcé des personnes à mourir de faim en essayant de passer par des étendues reculées du désert. Dans la région Asie-Pacifique, des centaines de migrants et de réfugiés se sont noyés cette année dans la baie du Bengale ou en tentant d'atteindre l'Australie.

Les Etats et régions riches sont confrontés au dilemme de la conception de contrôles aux frontières qui répondent non seulement aux besoins et demandes de leur population, mais aussi aux responsabilités de ceux qui cherchent à entrer sur leur territoire. Rien de tout cela n'est nouveau : depuis l'invention des frontières nationales, les gens les traversent, officiellement ou non. Que ce soit à la recherche d'opportunités économiques ou pour échapper à la violence ou à des catastrophes écologiques, les pays hôtes ont fait preuve à la fois de leur bienveillance et de leur méfiance.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable

    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.