¿Riñones en venta?

PRINCETON- El mes pasado, Levy-Izhak Rosenbaum, hombre de negocios de Brooklyn, fue arrestado en Nueva York porque, según la policía, intentaba concertar un trato para comprar un riñón por 160,000 dólares. Esto coincidió con la aprobación de una ley en Singapur, que, según dicen algunos, abrirá el camino al comercio de órganos en ese país. El año pasado, el magnate del comercio minorista de Singapur, Tang Wee Sung, fue sentenciado a un día de cárcel por aceptar comprar un riñon de forma ilegal. Posteriormente, recibió el riñón de un asesino ejecutado –que aunque es legal, en términos éticos es más cuestionable que la compra de un riñón, porque crea incentivos para condenar y ejecutar a aquéllos que han sido acusados de cometer penas capitales.

Ahora Singapur ha despenalizado los pagos a los donantes de órganos. Oficialmente, estos pagos son sólo para rembolsar gastos, aunque siguen prohibidos los pagos cuyo monto se considere un “incentivo indebido”. Sin embargo, es vaga la definición de "incentivo indebido".

Estos acontecimientos plantean otra vez la cuestión de si la venta de órganos debería siquiera considerarse un delito. Tan sólo en los Estados Unidos, 100,000 personas al año requieren un trasplante de órganos, pero únicamente 23,000 lo consiguen. Aproximadamente 6,000 personas mueren antes de recibir un órgano.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now