Paul Lachine

凯恩斯和今天的社会民主

伦敦——

数十年以来,凯恩斯主义都和社会民主的大政府主义政策相关联。但其实凯恩斯和其关系比较复杂。虽然他是社会民主政策核心价值观的设计师——特别是侧重于充分就业方面而言——但他和社会民主的其他政策,例如公有制或福利国家的无限延伸等却并不想关。

在《就业、利息和货币通论》一书中,凯恩斯以资本主义的优劣评判作为结束语。一方面,资本主义给了个人自由,选择和创新精神以最好的保护。另一方面,无监管的市场无法实现文明社会的两个中心目标:“经济社会的致命错误在于无法提供充分的就业以及保证社会财富收入分配的公平性。”这就凸显出政府在其中的重要性,这也是左派思想的重要观点。

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