Un alto a los  subsidios al cambio climático

LONDRES – La próxima semana gobiernos tendrán una ronda crucial de negociaciones sobre el clima en Varsovia, Polonia, pero las aspiraciones y expectativas están en su nivel más bajo. Aunque no tiene que ser así: la reunión en Varsovia ofrece una oportunidad para impulsar acciones en cuanto a una de las fuerzas más potentes que fomentan el cambio climático –los miles de millones de dólares que gastan los gobiernos en subsidios a los combustibles fósiles.

Las negociaciones de Varsovia están en una etapa vital de cara a la Cumbre sobre cambio climático de las Naciones Unidas de 2015 en París. Ahí, los gobiernos tratarán de crear un acuerdo que impida un cambio climático peligroso, definido como calentamiento global de más de dos grados Celsius. El fracaso hará que futuras generaciones estén expuestas a riesgos climáticos catastróficos, mientras que millones de personas quedarán atrapadas en la pobreza debido a  tormentas, inundaciones y sequías prolongadas  más frecuentes y más intensas.

La magnitud del problema se muestra mediante cálculos básicos del balance de carbono. De acuerdo con el estudio más reciente del Grupo Intergubernamental de Expertos sobre el Cambio Climático, (IPCC) estamos en el proceso de agotar todo el presupuesto de carbono del siglo XXI para 2030.

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