凯利对阵布什:理性能否占据上风?

随着美国在伊阵亡将士超过千人,以及占领那个蒙昧国家在全球范围内给美军造成的巨大压力,非常明显¾几十年来,外交政策可能首次成为美国总统大选的决定因素。全世界各国人民都在问的问题,现在普普通通的美国人也在问:那就是美国的全球霸权到底该如何使用?为了维持这样的霸权,到底应该付出多大的代价?美国军事力量的使用在何种程度上是必要和可以接受的?

这个问题早就成了美国战略讨论的重点,但在2001年911恐怖袭击发生后,这个问题又和感觉受到威胁的美国选民心目中另外一个重要问题发生了混淆:盟国和多边机构怎样才能保护美国人的安全?约翰·凯利最大的优点就是拒绝把对和平安全的需求与希望美国扮演超级大国的霸权冲动混为一谈。

布什政府中涌动的民族主义和新保守主义浪潮认为:采取单边行动最能保护美国的利益,因为它对美国的军事力量限制最小。按照这种观点,不管我们有没有盟友,积极地采取军事行动都最能确保美国的安全。紧接着就有了布什政府削弱美国永久性联盟的错误倾向,甚至连北约联盟都未能幸免。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/659wECN/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now