burning ivory Carl De Souz/Getty Images

دفاعا عن حرق العاج

جوهانسبرج – قامت كينيا بتدمير مخزونها من عاج الفيل بالكامل في الأسبوع الماضي. أكثر من 100 طن متري من "الذهب الأبيض" تبخرت في نهاية الأسبوع الماضي- تم حصدها بطريقة غير مشروعة (صودرت من الصيادين أو التجار)، وازدادت بشكل طبيعي (بسبب الوفيات الطبيعية). في الصين،  حيث يتم استهلاك أو تخزين معظم العاج في العالم، بلغ سعر عاج الفيل مؤخرا 1.100  دولار للكيلوغرام الواحد، وتقدر القيمة الإجمالية للمواد التي تم حرقها ما يقرب من 110 مليون دولار.  

بالنسبة لمعظم الاقتصاديين، مجرد فكرة تدمير شيء له قيمة كبيرة يعتبر لعنة. لكن هناك أسباب وجيهة للدولة الكينية - رغم فقرها - في حرقها لثروة العاج الخاصة بها.

في البداية، يٌقوي تدمير المخزونات مصداقية حملات الحد من الطلب في شرق آسيا، والتي بدونها لن تحل مشكلة الصيد الجائر. إن الحد من الطلب يهدف إلى إضعاف هذه السوق عن طريق تغيير أذواق المستهلكين. كما أن انخفاض الأسعار سيؤدي إلى عدم تحفيز قتلة الفيلة.

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