Неурядицы в иностранной помощи

МУМБАИ - Одной из самых важнейших моральных дилемм для Запада остается наличие огромного разрыва между самыми богатыми и бедными странами мира. Этот разрыв представляет собой также очень большую проблему для экономики развития. Знаем ли мы как действительно помочь странам в преодолении бедности?

В своей новой великолепно написанной и основательно исследованной книгеВеликий побег: здоровье, богатство и происхождение неравенствапрофессор Принстонского университета Ангус Дитон призывает к осторожности. Для тех, кто интересуется мировой бедностью, это несомненно самая важная книга, которая была опубликована за долгое время в области помощи в целях развития.

Дитон примечает, что слишком часто помощь со стороны Запада подразумевает собой более успокоение донорской вины, нежели чем добрую волю для улучшения тяжелого состояния получателя. Это особенно правдиво, когда наивная помощь служит укреплению дисфункциональных статусов-кво. Хотя Дитон поддерживает некоторые инициативы, включая те, которые занимаются предоставлением медицинских и технологических знаний, он сомневается о том, если подавляющее большинство иностранной помощи соблюдает первую заповедь врача: завет Гиппократа – принцип «не навреди».

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