European Parliament Flags European Parliament/Flickr

Политическая трансформация Европы

ВАШИНГТОН – В этом месяце граждане Европы отправятся к избирательным урнам, чтобы выбрать 751 депутата Европейского парламента, представляющих 507 миллионов человек. То, как проходит избирательная кампания, говорит о небольшом, но значительном шаге в сторону формирования первого транснационального политического пространства в истории Европы – да и всего мира.

По правде говоря, интерес к выборам в Европейский парламент в последние годы снизился: в 2009 году проголосовало 43% от списочного состава, по сравнению с почти 60% в 1978-1994 годах. Тем не менее, явка избирателей в последнее десятилетие сравнима со средней явкой на выборы в Конгресс США. С учетом того, что граждане воспринимают Европейский парламент как нечто далекое от их повседневных нужд, а также общего недовольства населения бюрократией Евросоюза, уровень участия и прогресс в отношении формирования транснациональной политики просто впечатляющий.

Транснациональная природа выборов в этот раз более выражена, поскольку основные общеевропейские политические партии впервые выставили конкретных кандидатов на место председателя Европейской комиссии, и эти кандидаты ведут кампанию, в том числе и участвуют в телевизионных дебатах. Европейский совет, получивший полномочия по Лиссабонскому договору, должен будет принять во внимание результаты голосования при выборе кандидата, выдвигаемого на утверждение парламентом.

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