Близорукость европейской системы «сверху вниз»

МЮНХЕН – Французский государственный деятель Жорж Клемансо однажды подметил, что «Генералы всегда готовятся к прошедшей войне». На сегодняшний день, в связи с кризисом еврозоны, то же самое можно сказать и о Европейском Союзе, поскольку он стремится восстановить под собой более стабильную институциональную опору.

ЕС проходит через фундаментальные изменения, многие из которых остались в основном незамеченными, благодаря подавляющему количеству крупномасштабных так называемых реформ «сверху вниз». Чиновники, похоже, не признают изменения, если те не принимают форму еврооблигаций, новых европейских договоров, или политики разворотов сделанной канцлером Германии Ангелой Меркель. Но малые шаги, которые руководствоваться рыночными механизмами остаются сильными.

Одержимость Европы реформами «сверху вниз» обоснуется преобладающими разборками причин европейского кризиса. Большинство людей в Германии, Нидерландах и Финляндии винят в дестабилизации в еврозоны (и, в свою очередь, ЕС) чрезмерные государственные расходы и неадекватное регулирование в таких странах как Греция, Испания и Кипр.

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