Paul Lachine

Американские надзиратели Меркель

БЕРЛИН – Когда-то в Германии была популярна шутка о том, что манера канцлера Ангелы Меркель говорить так, что ее слова быстро забываются, положила конец традиционной историографии. Как бы там ни было, а американские спецслужбы, похоже, имеют записи всех кулуарных бесед, происходивших как в самом Берлине, так и за его пределами.

К сожалению, американскому президенту Бараку Обаме и его администрации предстоит осознать, насколько сейчас подорвано доверие европейских союзников по отношению к Америке. И проблема даже не в том, что государства следят друг за другом (это делают все). Скорее, важно то, насколько пристально следит американская разведка за партнерами и само отношение США к союзникам.

Прошлые противоречия в таких вопросах, как изменение климата, содержание заключенных в Гуантанамо и война в Ираке, были явным подтверждением того, что взаимопонимания между союзниками нет. И нет его чаще всего именно из-за разногласий по поводу средств достижения общих целей. Однако скандал с прослушиванием телефонных разговоров и многие другие откровения бывшего сотрудника американских спецслужб Эдварда Сноудена указывают на более глубокую проблему, а именно кризис взаимного доверия. Это рискует привести к более серьезному расколу между Европой и США в момент, когда сотрудничество в области политики, экономики и безопасности будет необходимо более, чем когда-либо.

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