Правосудие – это примирение

В Южно-Африканской Республике, да и во всём мире, нас воспитывают на строгой диете отождествления справедливости и возмездия. В наше время количество жестоких преступлений, таких, например, как изнасилование детей и жестокое обращение с ними растёт с шокирующей скоростью, поэтому всё чаще слышны призывы, поддерживаемые широкой публикой, о восстановлении высшей меры наказания. К счастью, Конституционный Суд ЮАР вынес решение о том, что смертная казнь, которая была отменена южноафриканцами одновременно с освобождением от апартеида, противоречит конституции.

К сожалению, во многих странах мира, люди, похоже, не могут ещё в своём желании справедливого возмездия быть выше библейского наставления “око за око”. В некоторых мусульманских странах до сих пор публично отрубают руки ворам. Но первоначально данное библейское изречение было направлено на сдерживание кровной вражды, когда невинные родственники убийцы также становились обвиняемыми. “Око за око” означает, что преступником может быть только тот, кто совершил противоправное деяние, но не люди, всё преступление которых заключается лишь в родстве с ним.

Таким образом, изречение “око за око” не означало то, что оно стало значить сегодня, а именно, что убийство должно караться другим убийством. Принимая во внимание жестокость эпохи апартеида, это никогда бы не произошло у меня на родине.

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