欧佩克石油禁运40年

丹佛——四十年前,美国和欧洲绝大部分国家因为对化石燃料的危险依赖而得到了教训。继以色列赎罪日战争获得胜利后,石油输出国(欧佩克)组织阿拉伯成员国宣布对支持以色列的国家实行石油禁运。面对主要能源供应的突然中止及世界油价的大幅上涨,发达国家感到前所未有的力不从心。

但事实表明发达国家有能力降低对阿拉伯石油的依赖。他们只不过还没意识到——也可能是不愿承认——遭到欧佩克的石油绑架前有这个必要。

当消费者排长队等候——甚至为了加满油箱而发生斗殴时,政府却在鼓励创新方案,比方说提高汽车和冰箱等某些电器的能效要求。美国能源部于1977年创立;一年后颁布了《国家能源法》,采用行业法规及税收优惠政策等工具来推动可再生能源发展、提高燃油效率。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/pOrHCKt/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.