Jugement à Phnom Penh

Trente ans après le massacre d’un quart des sept millions de Cambodgiens par les Khmers rouges, un tribunal ouvre ses portes pour juger les dirigeants responsables qui sont encore en vie.

Conformément à un accord passé entre les Nations Unies et le gouvernement cambodgien, treize juges et procureurs étrangers ont été choisis pour travailler de concert avec dix-sept confrères cambodgiens. Ce groupe éclectique de juristes lancera, au cours de la première semaine de juillet, une expérience peu commune en matière de justice internationale. Durant les trois années à venir, les bien nommées « Chambres extraordinaires » s’efforceront d’établir les responsabilités pénales de l’un des pires génocides du vingtième siècle. Parmi ceux qui seront vraisemblablement jugés, on compte deux des plus proches et plus influents membres de la cohorte de Pol Pot : Nuon Chea, l’un des leaders du parti Khmer rouge, et Ieng Sary, l’ancien Vice-Premier Ministre des Affaires étrangères.

Etant donné le temps qu’il aura fallu pour faire avancer les choses – les pourparlers n’auront cessé de rompre, puis de reprendre, pendant plus de neuf ans – l’existence même de ce tribunal est un événement. Les procès seront mis à rude épreuve lorsqu’il s’agira de voir s’ils sont – ou semblent – être impartiaux, s’ils sont motivés par les faits et concordent avec les normes internationales.

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