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Los peligros detrás de los titulares

LONDRES – No hace mucho tiempo, los únicos periodistas destinados a zonas de conflicto que podían obtener protección eran los que trabajaban para medios de comunicación con recursos y mayoritariamente occidentales. Asistían a costosos cursos administrados por antiguo personal de las fuerzas especiales, que los instruían para manejarse en entornos hostiles, recibiendo chalecos antibalas, cascos y botiquines de primeros auxilios.

Sin embargo, en otros lugares los periodistas rara vez se han beneficiado de esta cultura de la seguridad. Con frecuencia son asesinados impunemente, sea en México, Brasil, Pakistán o Somalia. Y suele ocurrir que cuando se silencia al mensajero, también se acalla el mensaje.

El International News Safety Institute (Instituto Internacional de Seguridad en las Noticias) ha estado elaborando en los últimos 15 años una lista de periodistas que han muerto en sus labores. Hemos descubierto algo impactante: de cada diez reporteros muertos, nueve murieron desempeñándose en su país de origen. Son incontables los que han tenido que abandonar sus hogares, trabajos y países, y a menudo los que se quedan viven en constante temor por su seguridad.

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