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КЕМБРИДЖ – Как говорят, в гражданской войне в Сирии уже погибло более 130 тысяч человек. Отчеты Организации Объединенных Наций о зверствах, заполнившие Интернет фотографии нападений на гражданских лиц, а также сообщения о страдающих беженцах раздирают наши сердца. Но что же должно быть сделано – и кем?

Недавно канадский ученый-политик Майкл Игнатьев призвал президента США Барака Обаму ввести над Сирией бесполетную зону, несмотря на то что Россия почти наверняка наложит вето на резолюцию Совета Безопасности ООН, необходимую для легализации подобного шага. С точки зрения Игнатьева, в случае если президенту Сирии Башару аль-Асаду будет позволено господствовать, его силы будут уничтожать остатки суннитских повстанцев – по крайней мере сейчас; пока ненависть пылает, кровь в конце концов польется вновь.

А в расположенной по соседству статье обозреватель Томас Фридман описал некоторые уроки, полученные из опыта Соединенных Штатов на Ближнем Востоке. Во-первых, американцы мало смыслят в социальных и политических проблемах этого региона. Во-вторых, США не могут предотвратить плохие события (приемлемой ценой) и не могут сделать так, чтобы хорошие события случались сами собой. И, в-третьих, когда Америка пытается осуществить что-то хорошее в этих странах, она рискует брать на себя ответственность за решение их проблем.

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