Демократия в XXI веке

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Реакции в Соединенных Штатах и в других странах с развитой экономикой на недавнюю книгу Томаса Пикетти Капитал в XXI Веке (“Capital in the Twenty-First Century”) свидетельствуют растущему беспокойству по поводу усиливающегося неравенства. Его книга добавляет еще больше доказательств в уже подавляющую базу свидетельств того, что ошеломляющая доля доходов и богатства находится на самом верху: у высшего класса населения.

Кроме того, книга Пикетти предоставляет иную точку зрения для понимания экономики в течение около 30 лет последовавших за Великой депрессией и Второй мировой войной, представляя этот период, как историческую аномалию, возможно вызванную необычной социальной сплоченностью, которую могут стимулировать катастрофические события. В эту эпоху быстрого экономического роста, процветание было широко распространено: все группы населения продвигались, а самые низкие даже испытывали больший процент прибыли.

Пикетти также проливает новый свет на «реформы», которые продвигали Рональд Рейган и Маргарет Тэтчер в 1980-е годы в качестве усилителей роста, от которых все должны были получить прибыль. За их реформами последовали замедление экономического роста и усиление глобальной нестабильности, а тот рост, который все таки произошел, пошел в основном тем, кто наверху.

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