Federální Evropa Joschky Fischera a její nepřátelé

BRUSEL: Německý ministr zahraničních věcí Joschka Fischer píchnul do vosího hnízda, když přednesl svou vizi federálního Evropské unie. V Británii, kde neměla myšlenka evropského federalismu nikdy valnou oporu, se dalo předpokládat, že euroskeptický list The Times Fischerovy názory zpranýřuje. Avšak i ve Francii, tradičně věrné partnerství s Německem, způsobil šéf německé diplomacie malou bouři, když se francouzský ministr vnitra Jean-Pierra Chevenement nechal slyšet, že Němci se zřejmě dosud zcela nezotavili z jejich nacistické minulosti.

Tyto reakce se možná zdají podivné. Jisté ale je, že Fischer dal tehdy jasně najevo, že hovoří za sebe a nevyjadřuje oficiální názor německé vlády. Brzy také vyšlo najevo, že jeho federalistickou vizi nesdílí francouzská vláda. Francouzský ministr zahraničí Hubert Verdine označil Fischerovy názory za „ambiciózní“, což sice zní přátelsky, ale přeloženo z diplomatické hantýrky to znamená „dobře míněné, ale nerealistické“. Když se potom za několik dní sešli vedoucí představitelé Francie a Německa při příležitosti „brainstormingové“ schůzky o evropských otázkách, Fischerovu vizi neschválili.

Nebylo by ovšem správné domnívat se, že je tato epizoda bezvýznamná. Joschka Fischer předestřel svou federalistickou vizi proto, že podle něj bude jakási forma federalismu nezbytná, má-li Evropská unie řádně fungovat i po jejím rozšíření směrem do střední a východní Evropy. A není sám, kdo tak smýšlí.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable

    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.