Украинский промах Европы

БЕРЛИН. Европейский Союз, скорее всего, сталкивается с подобным впервые: правительство украинского президента Виктора Януковича делало вид, что ведет переговоры по Соглашению об ассоциации только для того, чтобы отступить в последнюю минуту. Лидеры ЕС почувствовали себя обманутыми; однако в Москве по этому поводу царило праздничное настроение.

Как мы теперь понимаем, реальным мотивом Януковича в переговорах было желание поднять цену, которую России придется заплатить, чтобы удержать Украину на своей стратегической орбите. Всего несколькими днями позже Янукович и президент России Владимир Путин объявили о российском кредите в размере 15 млрд долларов США, снижении цен на природный газ, а также о различных торговых соглашениях.

С точки зрения Януковича, это соглашение имело смысл в краткосрочной перспективе: газовое соглашение поможет Украине пережить зиму, кредит поможет увести страну от дефолта по долговым обязательствам, а российский рынок, от которого зависит экономика, останется открытым. Однако в среднесрочной перспективе отказ от ЕС и сближение с Россией ставят Украину перед риском потери собственной независимости ‑ от которой зависит пост-советский порядок в Европе.

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