UAE military troops US DoD/Flickr

A quoi peut servir une alliance militaire arabe ?

LONDRES – L'accord-cadre sur le nucléaire auquel sont parvenus l'Iran et le P-5 (la Chine, la Grande-Bretagne, la France, la Russie et les États-Unis) plus l'Allemagne, représente un progrès sur un défi majeur pour la sécurité au Moyen-Orient. Mais à l'heure où certains pays arabes se préparent à fonder une force militaire commune, une autre question de sécurité se pose : une telle alliance va-t-elle améliorer ou bien aggraver le sort de la région, compte tenu notamment de la fracture actuelle de plus en plus marquée entre Sunnites et Chiites ?

Une coalition arabe dirigée par neuf pays, dont l'Égypte, les Émirats Arabes Unis, le Koweït et la Jordanie, lance déjà des frappes aériennes contre les rebelles houthistes au Yémen : un effort qui selon la récente déclaration du Guide suprême Ali Khamenei, va faire « mordre la poussière » aux Saoudiens. Pourtant le président égyptien, le général Abdel Fattah al-Sissi, a indiqué que le mandat de la coalition peut être prolongé au-delà du Yémen.

Mais quel est donc ce mandat ?

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