Emmanuel Dunand/ Getty Images

من الحرب للعمل

أكسفورد- إن مما لا شك فيه بإن للصراع تأثيرات سلبية كبيرة بما في ذلك موضوع التوظيف ولكن المفهوم السائد عن العلاقة بين الصراع والتوظيف لا يأخذ بالحسبان بشكل كامل تعقيدات تلك العلاقة وهذا التقصير يقوض سياسات التوظيف الفعالة في الدول الهشة.

إن الحكمة التقليدية هي أن الصراع يدمر الوظائف كما أن البطالة يمكن أن تؤدي لمزيد من الصراعات حيث يجد الشباب العاطل عن العمل التأثير والمكاسب الإقتصادية من خلال الحركات العنيفة ولهذا السبب يجب أن يكون لخلق الوظائف دورا مركزيا في سياسة ما بعد الصراع ولكن بينما من المؤكد أن هذا الكلام يبدو منطقيا فإن تلك الإفتراضات كما ذكرتها بالتفصيل في ورقة بحثية سنة 2015 ليست بالضرورة صحيحة بشكل كامل.

إن الإفتراض الأول- الصراعات العنيفة تدمر الوظائف- يتجاهل حقيقة بإن كل صراع هو فريد من نوعه والبعض مثل الحرب الإهلية السريلانكية سنة 2008-2009 إنحصرت في منطقة صغيرة نسبيا مما ترك معظم البلاد بما في ذلك الإقتصاد غير متأثرة بالصراع .

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