La deconstrucción del euro

PARÍS – En enero, Chris Williamson, director de investigaciones económicas de la firma Markit, dijo que Francia es “el nuevo enfermo de Europa”. En vista del crecimiento casi nulo de su PIB y el aumento del desempleo y la deuda pública (por no hablar de las contraproducentes políticas de austeridad) es difícil sostener lo contrario. Dada la profunda importancia que para la estabilidad económica y política de Europa tiene Francia, su situación plantea una seria amenaza a todo el proyecto europeo.

Las últimas novedades confirman el diagnóstico de Williamson. En diciembre, la actividad fabril francesa se hundió a su nivel más bajo en siete meses. Si bien el año pasado la recaudación impositiva aumentó 32.000 millones de euros (44.000 millones de dólares), el déficit fiscal apenas se redujo 8.000 millones de euros y la deuda pública aumentó del 89% del PIB a más del 93%. Al mismo tiempo, el desempleo subió del 9,5% al 10,5%.

La conclusión obvia es que las medidas de austeridad no sirven. Francia debe abandonar las políticas actuales, por su bien y el del resto de Europa.

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