Jeremy Corbyn looking out Jeremy Corbyn/Simon Jacobs/ZumaPress

严肃对待科尔宾经济学

伦敦—在英国,财政紧缩已成为传统智慧的一大标志,任何敢于在公开挑战这一智慧的人都会被扣上危险的左派的帽子。目前最有希望成为英国工党下一任领导人的杰里米·科尔宾(Jeremy Corbyn)便是这一“全民鄙视链”的最新受害者。他的一些立场确实站不住脚。但他对经济政策的评论并不愚蠢,应该引起恰当的仔细思考。

科尔宾提出了两个取代英国当前紧缩政策的方案:一是成立一家国家投资银行,通过取消私人部门税收优惠和补贴筹集资本;二是实施他所谓的“人民的量化宽松”——概而言之,即政府从英格兰银行借钱进行基础设施建设。

第一个方案既不极端,也不新鲜。目前我们已经有了欧洲投资银行、挪威投资银行和其他许多投资银行,它们的资本来自国家或国家集团,目的是通过从资本市场借钱为指定项目融资。成立这类机构的理由可以追溯到伟大的社会主义理论家亚当·斯密所谓的国家有对那些“公共工程和机构”负有“兴建和维护”的责任,这些公共工程对社会非常有利,但无法令私人企业盈利。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/BqreMR5/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now