Vit Hassan/Flickr

比尔·盖茨为什么错了

纽约—在给妮娜·孟克(Nina Munk)错误百出并且早已过时的书写的书评中,比尔·盖茨反常地抛弃了已成为其基金会宝贵工作的标志——严格的衡量和评估方法。他简单地接受了孟克关于千年村计划(Millennium Villages Project)失败的论断。事实上,这一正在20多个非洲国家展开的发展项目可谓方兴未艾。

如此轻信令人感到奇怪。孟克的书只是对十年计划的前半段略作窥视,并且只考察了12个村庄中的两个。并且她从未“在千年村中生活很长一段时间。”事实上,孟克平均每年花六天时间——六年来总共花了36天左右——访问这些村庄,访问期通常为2—3天。此外,她是以《名利场》记者的身份来到村庄的,她没有接受过公共卫生、农学、经济学和非洲发展等方面的训练,也没有这些方面的经验。

更糟糕的是,孟克的观察至少因为追求叙事效果而被大大夸张了。比尔·盖茨真的相信我会在不考虑是否存在市场的情况下推广某些作物吗?我会在不断地给政府领导人所提的建议中不考虑国家税收吗?还有,千年村计划的农业战略和选择是有非洲农学家主导的,其中不乏非洲最出色的农业专家——许多人还与比尔自己的非洲绿色革命同盟(Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa,AGRA)的农业工作人员共事。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/ZaXpttZ/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now