Paul Lachine

Para ganar la batalla contra las enfermedades mortíferas

MAPUTO – Uno de los mayores éxitos de la ayuda al desarrollo en el pasado decenio ha sido el Fondo Mundial de Lucha contra el SIDA, la Tuberculosis y la Malaria. Éste ha salvado millones de vidas y ha ayudado a países de todo el mundo a superar tres enfermedades epidémicas. Ahora está haciendo un llamamiento a los gobiernos y al sector privado del mundo en pro de otros tres años de financiación y los gobiernos han de decidir esa financiación suplementaria a comienzos de diciembre en Washington, D.C.

En 2000, la epidemia de VIH/SIDA estaba devastando a los países más pobres del mundo, en particular en África. Ya existían nuevos medicamentos retrovirales y se estaban utilizando en países ricos, pero eran demasiado caros para los más pobres. Millones de personas pobres estaban muriendo de SIDA, pese a que los nuevos medicamentos podrían haberlas mantenido con vida.

Otras dos importantes enfermedades mortíferas, el paludismo y la tuberculosis, estaban resurgiendo también. Las muertes por paludismo estaban aumentando vertiginosamente, en parte porque los sistemas de salud de los países pobres carecían dramáticamente de la financiación adecuada y en parte porque el parásito del paludismo se había vuelto resistente a los medicamentos habituales. Sin embargo, las posibilidades de lucha contra el paludismo estaban mejorando en realidad, gracias a varias tecnologías nuevas que estaban apareciendo: mosquiteras de camas tratadas con insecticidas de larga duración para prevenir las picaduras de mosquitos, diagnósticos mejores para descubrir las infecciones y una nueva generación de medicamentos muy eficaces.

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