Paul Lachine

打赢与致命疾病的斗争

发自莫桑比克首都马普托——在过去十年的发展援助中所取得的其中一项重大成就莫过于对抗艾滋病,肺结核及疟疾的全球援助。该全球援助基金拯救了数百万条生命并帮助许多国家对抗这三种流行性疾病。如今全球各国将在11月初会聚华盛顿特区讨论是否继续资助的决定,而基金则呼吁各国和私人部门能再追加3年的资助。

让我们回想2000年的时候,艾滋病正在全球最贫穷的国家肆虐,尤其是在非洲。而新的抗病毒逆转录药物已经发明并在发达国家推广,但其价格却让穷国望而却步。数百万人因为等不到新药的到来而丧命。

另外两个主要的致命流行病,疟疾和肺结核,也在卷土重来。因疟疾丧生的人数不断攀升,一部分原因是由于穷国的卫生体系严重缺乏资金,另一部分是因为传染疟疾的寄生虫对常用药物已经具有的抗药性。然而人们控制虐疾的潜在能力实际上在不断改善,因为一系列新型科技:用长效杀虫剂处理过的蚊帐可以防止蚊虫叮咬;更优良的诊断技术去确诊感染疟疾;以及新一代的高效药物。

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