新增长难题

巴黎—对大部分政府来说,未来几年合理预期的经济增长率是一个大问题。至少对于发达经济体来说,这是一个特别邻人困惑的问题。

如果历史可以作为未来的好指标,那么可以说前景堪忧。2008年以来,经济增长一直无法达到预期。在受金融危机影响最大的国家中,只有少数几个——美国、德国和瑞典——重新回到了持续复苏之路。但是,即使是这些国家,2013年GDP也远低于危机前的趋势水平。

经济学家和决策者的一致观点是,金融危机和欧元危机同时破坏了需求和供给,但缓慢的回暖过程已经开始。

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