法国经济的治疗方法

巴黎——法国被世界各国公认为未能拥抱全球化或社会经济模式现代化的目标。近几十年来法国民众比以往任何时候都更加悲观地看待本国的未来。现在的问题是,法国究竟能否找到前进的方向,扫净阴霾并重建繁荣的未来?

这一切必须以明确的诊断为出发点。相比25年前发展水平相当的国家,法国经济未能取得上佳的表现。差距虽然不大——人均GDP只差6个百分点——但令人担忧的趋势足以呼唤改革措施的出台。此外,失业人数一直处于可耻的高水平。虽然法国在医疗、收入不平等及防止贫困等领域社会指标名列前茅,但因此付出的代价是公共开支及债务逐年攀升。

出现这种情况究其原因并非因为法国经济缺乏潜力。法国无疑自有其弱点——比方说中等规模企业数量偏少、劳资关系水火不容及公共部门效率低下。但法国同样具有令人羡慕的优势:比如工作适龄人口平均教育状况远好于25年前;与多数邻国相比人口年龄颇具优势;目前比德国和英国集中了更多全球顶尖企业;基础设施条件非常出色。法国的资产负债表状况无法解释目前的经济低迷。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/aQqg9ep/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now